Exploring Core Change Management Principles

Change is inevitable in any organisation. Operating with outdated systems and facing new challenges without effective solutions is unsustainable. This is where Change Management Training becomes essential. To achieve successful outcomes, it’s vital to delve into Change Management Principles for a structured approach.

A key aspect of Change Management theory is recognising that Change affects the entire organisation, not just isolated parts. Understanding proper Change Management Principles can inspire individuals to embrace more efficient methods and adapt to organisational evolution.

Table of Contents

  • What is Change Management?
  • The Five key Principles of Change Management
  • Conclusion

What is Change Management?

Contrary to a concrete idea, Change Management is defined as an ever-flowing module. It draws its theory from various disciplines, including behavioural science, systems thinking, psychology and engineering. There are two different Change Management Models, and let’s explore them below:

Lewin’s Change Management Model

A three-step framework designed to facilitate organisational Change. Inspired by his famous quote, “Motivation for Change must be generated before Change can occur,” this model consists of three stages: Unfreeze, Change, and Refreeze.

Kotter’s 8-Step Change Model

This model comprises eight stages. The initial four steps involve creating urgency, building coalitions, crafting vision and strategy, and communicating the vision. The subsequent steps focus on removing obstacles, empowering employees, achieving short-term wins, and embedding Changes into the organisational culture.

The Five key Principles of Change Management

The Change Management Principles work as the backbone for managing and navigating organisational developments. By implementing these Principles in the workplace, businesses can witness a successful Change. Let’s look at the four key Principles of Change Management:

Understanding the Change

Before successfully promoting the benefits of Change, you need to understand them thoroughly. Understanding “Change” comes with asking certain questions and trying to find their answers. Let’s explore some of these essential questions:

  1. Why do you need a Change?
  2. What key objectives would it serve?
  3. What impact will it have on people’s work?
  4. What does everyone need to do to embrace the Change? 

Plan the Change

An effective Change does not occur in a fluke. It requires thorough planning as to how the desired Change can be profitable for the organisation. These alterations can be either flexible or rigid, depending on the requirements of the workplace. Thus, considering the following points is a smart move indeed:

  1. Identifying the scope of Change: The first step is to identify the drawbacks that need Change.
  2. Assigning sponsorship: It is highly important for organisations to ensure they have proper resource channels which can sponsor their plan of action. Allocating resources is a major area, which demands proper equipment, desired workforce, proper budget and necessary funding. 
  3. Creation of project planning: Outlining specific activities, chalking out future roadmaps, and preparing task outlines are all included in the creation of project planning. This helps the organisation to have a clear vision.
  4. Planning impact: Thinking about the impact beforehand is a crucial part of any plan. This stage determines whether the organisation should move forward with the Change or not.

Implementing the Changes

When a Change is being implemented, it is important to construct a work culture that is ready to accept Change. Considering the different Change Management modules, it is seen that implementing Changes considers a few practices together.

On the one hand, Kotter’s model talks about building momentum by inserting a sense of urgency while planning Changes. In contrast, the Change Curve module talks about mindfulness about people’s feelings while trying to implement the Changes.


Communication is the key when it comes to Change Management. The required Changes that are to be implemented must be relevant and crisp. This helps people to understand the plan of action and what needs to be done.


Evaluating the desired Changes, and analysing the outcomes are the key points that are to be kept in mind while Changes and adjustments are being made. Monitoring success or failure is beneficial for the organisation and helps it gain insights. 


We hope you read and understand the Core Change Management Principles. Remember, for Changes to succeed, one must first recognise dissatisfaction with outdated practices. When understood and implemented effectively, Change Management yields significant benefits. For more information visit: The Knowledge Academy.

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